Environmental Action Plans


June 2004





Pilrig Place 3A/5 Eton Road PARKTOWN

Phone:  (011) 482 1730 Fax:      (011) 482 1731 Email:   This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.




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The Johannesburg Development Agency  (JDA ), an initiativ e of the City of Johannesburg, is the implement ing agent of Blue IQ’s Greater Kliptown Dev elopment Project. Nemai Cons ulting was  appointed to  generate tools, aimed at meeting the demands presented by the en vironment-development in terface and progressing t he area to a more environmentally desirable state. The deliverables are presented in two separate documents. The first document includes the Environmental Management   Framework (EMF) (deliv erables 1 to 3), while the second document contains the Action Plans  (deliverable 4). This report presents the second of these two documents, namely the  Kliptown Environmental Action Plans. The dual purpose of the Action Plans is to  arrest environmental  degradation and advance key environmental aspects to a more desirable state. Action Plans are defined as the strategies  and principles required for reaching the desired environmental state, based on curr ent environmental deficits and issues identified through the Environmental Profile (Kliptown EMF, Nemai Consulting, 2004). The Environmental Features which receive attention in the  Action Plans include freshwater, land, flora, water and sanita tion, waste, roads and stormwater, open space and farming and livestock. All relevant stakeholders are to be engaged to determine the implementation requirements of the Action Plans. Following the allocation of roles and responsibilities, a formal process is to be establis hed with regard to the monitoring and reporting of the Action Plans. An implementation timetable  is provided for timing and coordinating the execution of each Action Plan’s Management Guidelines. Action Plans are prepared according to the following format: Environmental Feature Management Goal Management Objectives Management Guidelines Risk




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Nemai Consulting would kindly like to thank the following individuals for their assistance during the project investigations: A. Manganye  Johannesburg Development Agency

U. Ntsubane  Johannesburg Development Agency

G. Duiker  Kliptown Community Development Forum

J. Lemek  Kliptown Visitor’s Centre

S. Scott  Kliptown Visitor’s Centre

M. Taelo  City Parks

S. Munzhedzi  City Parks

J. Smit  City Parks

S. Kruger  Johannesburg Roads Agency

R. Neeleman  Johannesburg Roads Agency

G. Wolvaard  Johannesburg Roads Agency

P. Letselebe  Pikitup

R. De Beer  Pikitup

P. van Louw  Pikitup, Avalon Depot

D. Manneson  Goudkoppies Landfill

L. Deepnarain  Johannesburg Water

J. Ernst  Johannesburg Water

P. Pretorius  Johannesburg Water, Avalon Depot

M. Mokoka  CoJ Department of Housing

D. Mayimela  CoJ Department of Housing

T. Mathiane  DWAF, Directorate Community Forestry

L. Radebe  DWAF, Directorate Community Forestry

J. Makgabutlane  Region 10, Sport & Recreation

G. Huntley  Region 10, Housing




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D. P. Bojosi  Region 10, Social Services

F. Chaba  Region 6, Social Services

O. Kruger  Region 6, Health

Sister Didi  Klipspruit West Clinic

S. Cannon  Telkom

J. Kubheka  Rand Water

S. Mabaso  Eskom

W. Segers  Egoli Gas

D. Oliver  City Power

V. Khumalo  SAHRA

M. Lombaard  Statistics South Africa

P. Swanepoel  Studio Mas

C. Putter  Urban Dynamics Gauteng Inc.

P. Kotzé  Intersite Property Management Services (Pty.) Ltd.

W. Fourie  Global Image

J. Legwale  Kliptown Environmental Reference Group

J. Twala  Freedom Charter Square Environmental Forum

N. Welland  Moore Spence Jones




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TITLE :  Kliptown Environmental Action Plans CLIENT :       Johannesburg Development Agency          P.O.  Box 61877          M ARSHALLTOWN          2019 PREPARED BY :    Nemai Consulting C.C.   5 Eton Road          PARKTOWN                   Telephone  :  011 482 1730          Facsimile  :  011 482 1731

AUTHOR :      D. Henning      __________________________   __________________

Date APPROVAL    __________________ ________   __________________        




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Copy No.  Attention  Name and Address

  1. Aubrey Manganye  Johannesburg Development Agency P.O. Box 61877 MARSHALLTOWN 2019
  2. Jane Eagle  City  of  Johannesburg Development Planning, Transportation and Environment P.O. Box 30733 BRAAMFONTEIN 2017
  3. Office of the MEC  Gauteng  Department of Agriculture, Conservation, Environment and Land Affairs P.O. Box 8769 JOHANNESBURG 2000
  4. Nemai Consulting Library Nemai Consulting P.O. Box 1673 SUNNINGHILL 2157




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Date  Nature of Amendment  Amendment No.  Signature

August 2003  Draft Copy for Comments  0

June 2004  Final Copy  1




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1.1.  Introduction...1

1.2.  Aims and Objectives ... 2

1.3.  Methodology ... 2

1.4.  Assumptions and Limitations ..2

2.  ACTION PLANS ... 6

2.1.  Definition ...6

2.2.  Purpose ...6

2.3.  Implementation ...7

2.4.  Action Plan Format ...10

2.5.  List of Action Plans ...10

3.  CONCLUSIONS ... 35


5.  REFERENCES... 37





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List of Tables Table 2.2  :  Compilation of Environmental Features addressed in Action Plans 7


Table 2.3.3  :  Implementation timetable for Action Plans  9


Table 2.4  :  The format of an Action Plan  10

List of Figures Figure 1.1a  :  Project deliverables and how they interrelate  3


Figure 1.1b  :  Locality map of project area  4


Figure 2.5a  :  Aerial photograph of the localities of Action Plan 1, with selected site photographs  13


Figure 2.5b  :  Aerial photograph indicating the geological characteristics of project area  15


Figure 2.5c  :  Aerial photograph of the localities of Action Plan 3, with selected site photographs  19


Figure 2.5d  :  Aerial photograph of the localities of Action Plan 5, with selected site photographs  26


Figure 2.5e  :  Aerial photograph of the locality of Action Plan 6, with site photograph  29


Figure 2.5f  :  Aerial photograph of the localities of Action Plan 8, with site photographs  34


Appendices Appendix A  :  Framework for Park Development  39




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1.1. Introduction

In an attempt to elevate Gauteng to a “s mart” province, the Gauteng Provincial Government embarked upon a multi-billion Rand scheme, termed Blue IQ. This initiative aims to advance the economy of  the province by inv esting public funds in strategic infrastructure development. The Freedom Charter was init ially signed in Soweto in  the area known as  Kliptown, which prov ided the impetus for the propos ed preser vation and  im provement of the Greater Kliptown region. The Johannesburg Development Agency (JDA), an initiative of the City of Johannesburg (CoJ), is the implementing agent of Blue IQ’s Greater Kliptown Development Project. In order to protect and advance the inherent  qualities  of Kliptown, its environmental attributes need to be placed at the forefr ont of development considerations and endeavours. Nemai Consulting was appointed to  generate tools, aim ed at meeting the demands presented by the en vironment-development in terface and progressing t he area to a more environmentally  desirable state. The proj ect’s deliverables encompass the following:



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The deliverables are presented in two separate documents. The first document includes the Environmental Management   Framework (EMF) (deliv erables 1 to 3), while the second document contains the Action Plans  (deliverable 4). This report presents the second of these two documents, namely the Kliptown Environmental Action Plans. The relationship between the project deliverables is depicted in Figure 1.1a. The project area of K liptown is situated in  the south-eastern part of Soweto, between Eldorado Park, Pimville, Dlamini and Klips pruit West (refer to  Figure 1.1b ). For the purposes of this report the Soweto Golf Course was included in the study area.

1.2.  Aims and Objectives

The dual purpose of the Kliptown Action Plans  is to arrest environmental degradation and advance key environmental aspects to a more desirable state.

1.3. Methodology

The following tasks were undertaken: Literature survey of national and inte rnational trends in sustainable urban development, and environment enhancement tec hniques for informal and densely populated urban areas; and

Telephonic and pers onal interviews wit h s takeholders regarding the types and concomitant suitability of intervention measures

1.4.  Assumptions and Limitations

The following assumptions were made during the project: Although the relevant principles  and recommendations were taken into consideration in the preparation of the project deliverables, it is accepted that this report will not be read or implemented in isolation of the following:

Kliptown EMF (Nemai Consulting, 2004);

Greater Kliptown Development Framework Plan (Seneque, Maughan – Brown SWK, 1997);

The Gauteng Spatial Development Framework 2000 and beyond (1999);

Klipspruit EMF (Nemai Consulting, 2002);

CoJ Spatial Development Framework;

Region 6 and Region 10 Local Integrated Development Plan;




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Figure 1.1a:



Project deliverables and how








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Figure 1.1b:


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An Open Space Framework for the Klip spruit Riv er Corridor, its Tributaries and the Adjacent Open Land (Oryx En vironmental & Ne wtown Landscape Architects CC, 2000);

The Kliptown Urban Design Framework (2003); and

Integrated Development Plans.

The releva nt community groups and forums will be consult ed prior to the implementation of the determined interventions;

The interv entions pr oposed in this repor t will be read in c onjunction with the needs ass essment component of  the study whic h will be performed by Manto Management;

The data provided by  the stakeholders is accurate a nd a true reflection of on-ground conditions;

The custodian of the document will ensure  that all pertinent legislation is adhered to during the implementation of the findings of the document; and,

The findin gs of this report will be consul ted during the impl ementation of any project in the study area. The following limitation was encountered: A foreseen limitation  of the Action Plans is  the failure  of CoJ Utilities, Ag encies and Corporatised Ent ities (UACs) to adopt t he interventions, which will result in an unproductive project deliverable.




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2.1. Definition

Action Plans are defined as follows: The strategies and  principles required for reaching t he desired environmental state, based on current envir onmental deficits and is sues identified through the Environmental Profile (Kliptown EMF).  The Action Plans do not focus on problems that will be solved through future stakeholder projects.

2.2. Purpose

Action Plans address the following: 1. Kliptown’s  environmental issues, termed  deficiencies, as identified in the Environmental Profile component for the Kliptown EMF (Nemai Cons ulting, 2004). The recognis ed shortcomings do  not neces sarily represent the only environmental deficie ncies in Kliptown, but  rather focus on the most pressing issues identified during this project. Many deficiencies will be tackled by future projects to be undertaken by the various stakeholders. No interventions are proposed for such issues.  For example, although the several informal settlements in Kliptown cause serious environmental issues, solutions to the associated problems  will be largely provided by planned projects such as housing provision. 2.  Environmental Features with a signific ance rating of 2, which are not adequately addressed by future projects. This  rating is linked to the development significance, in terms of the sensitivity  and suitability (refer to Klipto wn EMF – Nemai Consulting, 2004),  and has no bearing on the needs or deficie ncies pertaining to the particular Environmental Feature. The Environmental Features which receive attention in the ensuing Action Plans, based on the abovementioned criteria, are listed  in  Table 2.2 . Freshwater, land, water and sanitation, waste and roads  and stormwater qualify for both deficiency and significance rating of 2, which acc entuates the necess ity for intervention for these Env ironmental Features.




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Table 2.2:  Compilation of Environmental Features addressed in Action Plans

Environmental Features

Deficiency Freshwater, land, flora, water and sanitation, waste, roads and stormwater, open space, farming and livestock
Significance rating = 2 Freshwater; land; air; water and sanitation; waste; roads and stormwater


2.3. Implementation

2.3.1.  Roles and responsibilities

The responsibility for the implementati on of the Acti on Plans lies with JDA. Although not all the interventions may  fall within JDA’s mandate, the agency’s duty includes the dele gation of work to the relev ant implementing agents (e.g. public utilities and consultants). The governance of the Action Plans by a  single body will ensure attentiv e execution and allow intervention projects to be audited, and progress monitoring to be performed for set milestones. On-going management is essential for acco mplishing sustainable projects. JDA will, in most instances, become detached from the projects after the funding and establishment thereof. Generally, the respective stakeholders will be entrusted with the management functions. All stakeholders must be workshopped on their roles and responsibilities.  T he workshop must aim to achieve the following: Inform stakeholders of proposed Action Plans; Designate implementing agents; Appoint Project Steering Committee (PSC ) members, consisting of major roleplayers (i.e. financial stakeholders and implementing agents), Appoint Project Operating Com mittee (POC) members, consisting of project leaders, Kliptown representat ives (e.g. community groups and forums), councillors, Non-governmental Organisations (NGOs), etc.; Agree upon protocol for progress monitoring and feedback; Gain stakeholder input with regard to  funding partnerships and project implementation; and Assign management agents to administer  projects after the establishment phase.




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2.3.2.  Monitoring and Reporting

The appraisal and supervision of the  Action Plans are essential for the sustainability of the proposed projects.  Following the alloc ation of roles and responsibilities with regar d to the implementation of the Action Plans’ Management Guidelines (refer to definition provided in  Table 2.4 ), a fo rmal process is required to ensure the communication of the following: During the establishment phase (i.e. process leading to operation) -

Progress on the implementation of  the Management Guidelines’ strategies, including constraints;

The number of people to be employed during cons truction, together with the details of the employees (e.g. gender); and

Timeframe required for completion.


During the operation phase -

Monthly expenditure for project maintenance;

Threats to the project;

Status of employees; and

Community perceptions and their on-going support for the project. Periodic meetings must  be conv ened with t he POC a nd PSC to allow for t he transfer of information. Projects can be linked to the Kliptown GIS, where photographs and reports may be added to the existing database.

2.3.3. Implementation  timetable

A schedule is necessary for timing and c oordinating the implementation of each Action Plan’s Management Guidelines. This implementation timetable will assist  JDA in planning the involvement  of relevant stakeholders and prof essionals and provides deadlines f or completion of indiv idual interventions. Note  that the commencement date for the Management Guidelines is c onsidered as  the time when the review period of the Kliptown EMF a nd Action Plans has  been concluded, and the  final reports have been accepted by JDA and CoJ.




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The implementation timetable for the Kliptown Action Plans is provided in Table 2.3.3. Table 2.3.3:  Implementation timetable for Action Plans

Implementation interval Completion
Immediately 3 months
Short-term 1 year
Medium-term 2 years
Long-term 3 years

The most critical deficiencies should be  addressed first, wit h those of lesser importance only receiving attention ther eafter. In the  implementation of the Actions Plans it is suggested that the program be constructed such that immediate, visible, changes  are made to the environm ent in Kliptown. This  will ensure that public  support for the project is not lost. Lengthy implementation times may be necessary for some of the Actions Plans owing to the need for co-

ordination between numerous stakeholders

2.3.4. Community  participation

One of the fundamental purposes  of the Kliptown Action  Plans is to involve the Kliptown community in the generation,  implementation and maintenance of environmental development projects, and for local residents to reap the rewards from the proposed Action Plans. A social reporting structure already exis ts in Kliptown. All stakeholders and developers must inform the instit utional structure prior to the implementation of any Action Plan.




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2.4.  Action Plan Format

Action Plans are prepared according to the following format: Table 2.4:    The format of an Action Plan

Environmental Feature: Environmental Feature type
Management Goal: An expression of the desired ou tcome of each strategy, which closely ties in with the future  desired state of the Environmental Feature.
Management Objectives: Means of achieving the management goal.
Management Guidelines: Strategies (what, where, how, by whom, and when) and principles needed to accomplish management objectives.
Risk: Anticipated constraints and threats associated with Management Guidelines.


2.5.  List of Action Plans

The Action Plans are discussed below. W here aerial photographs  follow t he Action Plans, the corresponding  Management Objectives and Strategies are indic ated as  MO and S in the figures, respectively . For exam ple in a figure following Action Plan 1, the text MOA, S1 represent Management Objective A, Strategy 1. As used in the environmental  profile the colours  green, blue an d brown represent the natural, built and socio-economic environment, respectively. In some instance repetition occurs where Management Guidelines are linked to multiple Environmental Features.




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Figure 2.5a:



Aerial photograph of the localities of Action Plan 1, with selected site photographs




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Figure 2.5b: Aerial photograph indicating the geological characteristics of project area




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Figure 2.5c



Aerial photograph of the localities of Action Plan 3, with selected site photographs




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Figure 2.5d: Aerial photograph of the localities of Action Plan 5, with selected site photographs




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Figure 2.5e: Aerial photograph of the locality Action Plan 6, with site photograph




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Figure 2.5f:



Aerial photograph of the localities of Action Plan 8, with site photographs




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The hous ing projects will addr ess to a lar ge extent the sources of environmental degradation in Kliptown. Notabl e improvements are anticipat ed for issues  surrounding housing, waste, water and sanitation,  roads and stormwater, energy supply and freshwater (i.e. river). It is necessary to reiterate that the Action Plans generated from the EMF will fall short of their intended objectives without effective and well-coordinated project management, from cradle to grave, and formal definitions of project responsibilities. Two key intentions of Kliptown’s Action Plans are to strive towards the attainment of the desired environmental state and to engr ave environmental stewardship upon the community and the st akeholders involved in the area. It is believ ed that the strategies encompassed in this report will serve as the vehicle with which to achieve both these goals. With regards to development in Kliptown, it is important to stress that a sensitive feature may be acquiescent to development if  stakeholder requirements are met and the Kliptown EMP (refer to Kliptown EMF -  Nemai Consulting, 2004) and principles contained in this report are adhered to.




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The following recommendations are made:

a)  The Kliptown EMF serves as vita l supporting documentat ion. Apart from thorough knowledge of this re port, the Action Plans  must strictly adhere t o the conditions provided in the  Decision-Support section of the Kliptown EMF (Nemai Consulting, 2004), and should be exposed to the screening protocol.

b)  Public involvement sh ould accompany eac h Action  Plan, and the community should serve as the intended beneficiary of the enhancement strategies.

c)  The relevant UACs and stakeholders must be consulted prior to embarking upon any of the proposed Action Plans to garner support and approval.

d)  The information provided by the EMF  (Nemai Consulting, 2004)  should not be viewed as a substitute for detailed site visits.




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Nemai Consulting (2002). Klipspruit  Environmental Man agement Framework. Johannesburg Development Agency. Nemai Consulting (2004). Kliptown En vironmental Management  Framework. Johannesburg Development Agency. Oryx Envir onmental and Ne wtown Landscape Architects  CC (2000). An Open Spac e Framework for the Klipspruit River Corridor, its Tributaries and the Adjacent Open Land. Southern Metropolitan Local Council. Seneque, Maughan – Brown SWK  (1997). Greater Kliptown  Development Framework Plan. Draft Report. March 1997. 2626 WEST RAND 1:250 000 geological map (1986).




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Abbreviation  Description

CoJ  City of Johannesburg

DEAT  Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism

DWAF  Department of Water Affairs and Forestry

ECO  Environmental Control Officer

EIA  Environmental Impact Assessment

EMF  Environmental Management Framework

EMP  Environmental Management Plan

GDACEL  Gauteng Department of Agriculture, Conservation, Environment and Land Affairs GIS  Geographical Information System

GPS  Global Positioning System

IDP  Integrated Development Plan

JDA  Johannesburg Development Agency

JRA  Johannesburg Roads Agency

NGO  Non-governmental Organisation

POC  Project Operating Committee

PSC  Project Steering Committee

SAHRA  South African Heritage Resources Agency

UACs  Utilities, Agencies and Corporatised Entities